What medications are EMTs allowed to administer?
Medications authorized for administration by EMTs are:
- Activated Charcoal.
- Epinephrine, 1:1,000 via EpiPen® or vial.
- Nitroglycerin (Tablet or Spray)
- Oral Glucose Gel.
What procedures can an EMT perform?
Besides employing basic medical assessment skills, typical procedures provided by EMTs include CPR, automated external defibrillation, mechanical ventilation using a bag valve mask, placement of air way adjuncts such as oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal airways, pulse oximetry, glucose testing using a glucometer, …
What does nitroglycerin do EMS?
Nitroglycerin is a direct vasodilator, which acts principally on the venous system although it also produces direct coronary artery vasodilation as a result. There is a decrease in venous return, which decreases the workload on the heart and thus, decreases myocardial oxygen deman.
Which medication is included in the EMT scope of practice?
The only medications included in the training curriculum and protocols are Nitroglycerin (tablet or spray), Bronchodilator (metered dose inhaler) and epinephrine in an auto-injector.
What medication can an advanced EMT give?
The EMT-Enhanced can start IV lines, perform dual-lumen airway insertion, and administer some medications such as D50W, glucagon, albuterol, epinephrine, and sometimes narcotics. They cannot, however, administer any cardiac medications.
When should you use nitroglycerin?
Nitroglycerin comes as a sublingual tablet to take under the tongue. The tablets is usually taken as needed, either 5 to 10 minutes before activities that may cause attacks of angina or at the first sign of an attack.
What is nitroglycerin used to treat?
NITROGLYCERIN (nye troe GLI ser in) is a type of vasodilator. It relaxes blood vessels, increasing the blood and oxygen supply to your heart. This medicine is used to relieve chest pain caused by angina.
What is the minimum systolic blood pressure necessary to administer nitroglycerin?
To minimize the risks of nitrates following acute MI, nitroglycerin should not be administered to patients with systolic blood pressure less than 90 mmHg or a change of 30 mmHg or more below baseline, severe bradycardia (less than 50 beats per minute), tachycardia, or suspected right ventricular infarction.
What can an EMT do in a hospital?
An emergency medical technician (EMT) is a medical professional who gives emergency care to people outside of or on the way to the hospital. They can give basic medical and first-aid care until a person can get help at a hospital or other medical facility.
What can paramedics do that EMTs Cannot?
The basic difference between EMTs and paramedics lies in their level of education and the kind of procedures they are allowed to perform. While EMTs can administer CPR, glucose, and oxygen, paramedics can perform more complex procedures such as inserting IV lines, administering drugs, and applying pacemakers.
Can an EMT use a cardiac monitor?
The Paramedic may apply a cardiac monitor to any patient where cardiac monitoring would enhance their care. If the BLS-ILS unit has the capability of monitoring the patient and producing a recond for the ER, especially if the pulse is irregular, attach monitoring leads.