When assessing a patient who has been exposed to a poisonous substance?
If you suspect that someone has been exposed to poison or has overdosed, you need to act quickly. If it seems like a severe or life-threatening condition, call 911 for emergency medical treatment immediately. Otherwise, you can call poison control at 1-800-222-1222, and they can provide information and assistance.
In large doses, the body’s ability to change cyanide into thiocyanate is overwhelmed. Large doses of cyanide prevent cells from using oxygen and eventually these cells die. The heart, respiratory system and central nervous system are most susceptible to cyanide poisoning.
For which of the following patients would activated charcoal be indicated?
Activated charcoal is indicated for primary elimination of the toxin in moderate to severe cases of poisoning.
What is the first step in any case of suspected poisoning?
Get to fresh air right away. Call the toll-free Poison Help line (1-800-222-1222), which connects you to your local poison center.
When dealing with a case of poisoning What are your first aid aims?
Wipe any vomit away from their mouth and keep their head pointing down, to allow any vomit to escape without them breathing it in or swallowing it. Do not give them anything to eat or drink. If the person is not breathing or their heart has stopped, begin CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) if you know how to.
What does cyanide do to the body?
Cyanide prevents the cells of the body from using oxygen. When this happens, the cells die. Cyanide is more harmful to the heart and brain than to other organs because the heart and brain use a lot of oxygen.
Which material can cause cyanide poisoning?
The most common occurrence of cyanide poisoning
HCN is developed from an incomplete combustion of any material containing nitrogen  such as plastic, vinyl, wool or silk .
What is the mechanism of cyanide toxicity?
The mechanism of cyanide intoxication has been attributed to the inhibition of cytochrome oxidase, thereby decreasing the tissue utilization of oxygen.
What is a characteristic of carbon monoxide quizlet?
It is an odorless gas that can kill a person by causing severe hypoxia. … It is a tasteless gas that is produced by household appliances like electric furnaces.
Which of the following is characteristic of carbon monoxide quizlet?
Carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, nonirritating gas. When inhaled it produces toxicity by causing cellular hypoxia.
What is the most common cause of carbon monoxide poisoning?
Incorrectly installed, poorly maintained or poorly ventilated household appliances, such as cookers, heaters and central heating boilers, are the most common causes of accidental exposure to carbon monoxide.