Quick Answer: How do EMTs treat hyperventilation?


When should an EMT hyperventilate?

Current Statewide Basic Life Support Adult and Pediatric Treatment Protocols stipulate that hyperventilation, at a rate of 20 breaths per minute in an adult and 25 breaths per minute in a child, should be employed in major trauma whenever a head injury is suspected, the patient is not alert, the arms and legs are …

What is hyperventilation EMT?

Hyperventilation syndrome is a challenging and often misunderstood condition that is frequently encountered in EMS. When triggered by anxiety, hyperventilation causes patients to feel like they are suffocating, but it eventually self-corrects and is physiologically benign.

What medicine helps with hyperventilation?

Several medications, including benzodiazepines and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), have been employed to reduce the frequency and severity of episodes of hyperventilation.

How do you stop hyperventilation syndrome?

How can hyperventilation syndrome be prevented?

  1. Breathing exercises.
  2. Relaxation methods such as meditation or progressive muscle relaxation.
  3. Regular exercise.
  4. Counseling or medicines to help manage an anxiety or panic disorder.

What rate is considered hyperventilation?

People who overbreathe tend to overuse the upper-chest, hardly managing any movement of the diaphragm. The rate of breathing varies between 15-20 breaths per minute and may rise to 30 during an attack. The rhythm is often erratic and irregular deep breaths, sighs and yawns are common.

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What happens when hyperventilating?

Topic Overview. Hyperventilation is breathing that is deeper and more rapid than normal. It causes a decrease in the amount of a gas in the blood (called carbon dioxide, or CO2). This decrease may make you feel lightheaded, have a rapid heartbeat, and be short of breath.

What is hyperventilation physiology?

Hyperventilation is defined as breathing in excess of the metabolic needs of the body, eliminating more carbon dioxide than is produced, and, consequently, resulting in respiratory alkalosis and an elevated blood pH.

What is the purpose of hyperventilation?

The goal in treating hyperventilation is to raise the carbon dioxide level in the blood. There are several ways to do this: Reassurance from a friend or family member can help relax your breathing. Words like “you are doing fine,” “you are not having a heart attack” and “you are not going to die” are very helpful.

How do you treat chronic hyperventilation syndrome?

Treatment of Hyperventilation Syndrome

Most patients require treatment for underlying mood or anxiety disorders; such treatment includes cognitive therapy, stress reduction techniques, drugs (eg, anxiolytics, antidepressants, lithium), or a combination of these techniques.

Is hyperventilation a mental disorder?

Hyperventilation syndrome is a common disorder that is characterized by repeated episodes of excessive ventilation in response to anxiety or fear. Symptoms are manifold, ranging from sensations of breathlessness, dizziness, paresthesias, chest pains, generalized weakness, syncope, and several others.

How do I stop being aware of my breathing?

Meditation breathing

  1. Breathe out slowly.
  2. Ignore when you breathe in.
  3. Concentrate only on breathing out.
  4. Breathe out as much air as possible before breathing in again.
  5. Focus on relaxing the muscles in your face, shoulders, and anywhere else you feel tense while you breathe.
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