When do EMTs use Narcan?

Why do Emts give Narcan?

The use of naloxone is indicated in any person who is unresponsive and thought to be or known to be experiencing opioid overdose. If opioid overdose is not known but is possible, naloxone administration is still indicated.

Is narcan used by first responders?

All first responders (EMS, Fire Department, and Police) may now purchase NARCAN ® Nasal Spray as a qualified group purchase, at a 40% discount off the Wholesale Acquisition Cost (WAC) of $125 per carton.

What is Narcan used for?

This medication is used for the emergency treatment of known or suspected opioid overdose. Serious opioid overdose symptoms may include unusual sleepiness, unusual difficulty waking up, or breathing problems (ranging from slow/shallow breathing to no breathing).

What do paramedics do when someone overdoses?

The combative attitude of overdose patients gives paramedics extra incentive to revive them slowly, instead of all at once. By administering naloxone in 0.4 mg increments, and waiting 3 to 4 minutes between doses, they avoid accelerating the patient’s heart rate or causing them to vomit.

What do paramedics give an overdose patient?

If the overdose is opioid related, first responders need to inject naloxone intravenously for a quick reversal of the opioid overdose effects. Naloxone’s effects last from 20 to 90 minutes and allow the patient to breathe again until he or she can receive further help.

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Is Narcan used for anything other than overdose?

Will naloxone (Narcan) work if the person overdosed on something other than an opioid? No. Naloxone (Narcan) will only work to reverse the effects of opioids.

What are the contraindications for Narcan?

There are no absolute contraindications to the use of naloxone in an emergency. The only relative contraindication is known hypersensitivity to naloxone. Although naloxone is effective in reversing opioid overdose in a hospital setting, its use out of the hospital is relatively new.

Do you have to be trained to administer Narcan?

NARCAN ® IS DESIGNED WITH YOU IN MIND

NARCAN ® Nasal Spray was developed to be used at home without the need for any medical training. If you suspect an opioid overdose, administer NARCAN ® Nasal Spray and get emergency medical assistance right away.

How do police use Narcan?

Law enforcement officers and first responders started carrying the drug, which was usually administered via injection. In November 2015, the Food and Drug Administration approved a nasal spray version of the drug. The spray made Narcan much easier to administer.

What are common administration routes for naloxone?

Naloxone is absorbed not only through intravenous (IV), but also by intramuscular (IM), subcutaneous (SC), endotracheal, sublingual, intralingual, submental, and nasal routes. Via the IV route, onset of action is within 1-2 minutes.