When do you use oral glucose?
Glucose is used to treat very low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), most often in people with diabetes mellitus. This medicine works by quickly increasing the amount of glucose in your blood.
Can EMT administer oral glucose?
Oral glucose might be the best treatment option for basic and advanced providers if a patient is awake enough to follow instructions and swallow a dose of oral glucose. “Glucometry is a BLS skill. EMTs can check a blood glucose and, if they determine a need to treat, they will,” McEvoy said.
What are the indications for oral glucose?
Indications for oral GTT include the following: Equivocal fasting plasma/random plasma glucose results. To screen for gestational diabetes mellitus at 24–28 weeks of gestation in all pregnant women not known to have diabetes.
At which blood glucose reading should an EMT administer oral glucose to a patient in Los Angeles County?
In Los Angeles County, prehospital providers should treat a blood sugar of < 60mg/dL. However, EMTs may treat a patient with oral glucose in the field without a blood glucose reading if the patient is suspected to be hypoglycemic based upon his/her presenting signs and symptoms.
Under what conditions a patient requires a drip of glucose?
Glucose Intravenous Infusion is given to patients who have low levels of sugar in their blood or are dehydrated. Glucose Intravenous Infusion may also be used for the dilution of other medicines before injecting them into the body.
When should a EMT take glucose?
Oral glucose is part of many EMS protocols when the patient is awake enough to cooperate, has an intact gag reflex that will protect the patient from aspirating the substance, and is not nauseated or vomiting. Many patients do not fulfill this set of factors, particularly being awake enough to cooperate.
How do EMTs administer glucose?
To administer oral glucose, break the seal on the tube and let the patient squeeze it into his mouth and swallow, or assist him in doing so. Be sure to document the medication given, the time it was given, the dose as noted on the tube, the route of administration and any effects, positive or negative.
Can EMTs give glucagon?
Yes, EMTs can administer glucagon
The episodes cause the patient’s blood sugar to drop dangerously low, which can lead to brain tissue loss or death, but patients who call EMS for help have a 75 percent chance of not being treated by a paramedic.
What drugs can an EMT basic administer?
Medications authorized for administration by EMTs are:
- Activated Charcoal.
- Epinephrine, 1:1,000 via EpiPen® or vial.
- Nitroglycerin (Tablet or Spray)
- Oral Glucose Gel.
What are contraindications for oral glucose?
Concentrated solutions are contraindicated in patients with intracranial or intraspinal hemorrhage, in dehydrated patients with alcohol withdrawal syndrome, and in patients with severe dehydration, anuria, hepatic coma, or glucose-galactose malabsorption syndrome.
What are the contraindications to administering oral glucose?
Patients with hypoglycemia who are successfully treated with oral glucose who then refuse transport, should be discouraged from doing so if they have: abnormal vital signs, fever, are taking oral or long acting medications including insulin, a history of alcohol abuse, possible ingestion or poisoning, or they do not …
What is glucose testing for?
You can test your blood sugar at home with a portable electronic device called a blood sugar meter using a small drop of your blood. You can also use a device called a continuous glucose monitor (CGM).