# You asked: Why are emergency vehicle sirens so loud?

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## How loud are emergency sirens?

The sirens emergency services use are around 110dB. 110dB is 128 times louder than 40dB (40dB is the sound level in a quiet library). … Long term use of the siren can damage the hearing of any vehicle occupants. Even though it won’t be 110dB in the car or truck, it’s still loud.

## Are emergency sirens allowed at night?

Emergency services can use the normal horn or the siren when stationary and at night, unlike the restrictions of a normal car horn. Some devices that are similar to sirens are allowed on non-emergency vehicles.

## Why does a siren get louder as it approaches you?

So why do we hear a change in pitch for passing sirens? The pitch we hear depends on the frequency of the sound wave. A high frequency corresponds to a high pitch. So while the siren produces waves of constant frequency, as it approaches us the observed frequency increases and our ear hears a higher pitch.

## How far away can you hear a police siren?

The physics of sound will reduce the volume of the siren as the distance from the siren increases. With today’s modern vehicles, the effective range of the siren at a 90-degree intersection is often no more than 80 feet.

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## Why are sirens so high pitched?

Apparent Increase in Wave Frequency

As the ambulance approaches you, the distance between the source of the waves and the observer decreases. Consequently, the siren sounds more shrill as the pitch of the wailing siren ‘sounds’ higher than its original value, as sound waves reach you ‘more frequently’.

## Why are sirens high pitched?

As an ambulance speeds towards you, sirens blazing, the sound you hear is rather high in pitch. This is because the sound waves in front of the vehicle are being squashed together by the moving ambulance. This causes more vibrations to reach your ear per second.

## What does 3 sirens mean?

Three siren tones are used in the country: Warning: a 2 minute long steady tone. Used to warn of the impending danger of a fire, environmental or other disaster, or high water level. … Used to warn of the danger of a major fire, flood, radiological or chemical danger, or air raid. All clear: a 30-second steady tone.

## Can siren damage hearing?

Exposure to 85 dB for longer than eight hours can cause irreparable damage to hearing. Decibel levels work exponentially, so noise levels just 10 decibels higher, at 95 dB, cause hearing damage 8 times faster, after only one hour of exposure. … Sirens, when experienced just momentarily, are not harmful to our hearing.

## Can you hear the siren inside an ambulance?

Yes, patient compartments of ambulances aren’t sound proof, so the patient and crew can hear the siren. The siren speakers are in the front of the vehicle, on the outside, pointing away, toward the traffic ahead.

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## Do emergency vehicles have different sirens?

There is more than one kind of police siren. To the average person listening, the different sounds of police sirens, or a fire truck siren, or ambulance siren might not be all that noticeable. It’s nothing but noise to them, after all. … There are different siren noises for different purposes and situations.