How is nitroglycerin usually given?
Nitroglycerin comes as a sublingual tablet to take under the tongue. The tablets is usually taken as needed, either 5 to 10 minutes before activities that may cause attacks of angina or at the first sign of an attack.
Can EMTs administer nitro?
Procedure. A certified EMT-B should deliver pre-prescribed nitroglycerin or a brochodilator to a patient if the patient indicates (verbally, by gesture, etc.) their desire to take their medication and the delivery of such medication is not contraindicated by protocol or the EMT-B’s training.
What medications are EMTs allowed to administer?
Medications authorized for administration by EMTs are:
- Activated Charcoal.
- Epinephrine, 1:1,000 via EpiPen® or vial.
- Nitroglycerin (Tablet or Spray)
- Oral Glucose Gel.
How is nitroglycerin usually given by an EMT?
Sublingual nitroglycerin is typically administered one tablet or spray every five minutes up to three doses. Some prehospital protocols recommend continuing dosage and even administering higher dose nitroglycerin two to three sublingual doses together in cases of hypertensive congestive heart failure.
Can nitroglycerin be given IV?
Initially, 0.25 to 0.5 mcg/kg/minute continuous IV infusion. Titrate by 1 mcg/kg/minute IV every 15 to 20 minutes as tolerated. The usual dosage range is 1 to 5 mcg/kg/minute.
What can paramedics do that EMTs Cannot?
The basic difference between EMTs and paramedics lies in their level of education and the kind of procedures they are allowed to perform. While EMTs can administer CPR, glucose, and oxygen, paramedics can perform more complex procedures such as inserting IV lines, administering drugs, and applying pacemakers.
What procedures can an EMT perform?
Besides employing basic medical assessment skills, typical procedures provided by EMTs include CPR, automated external defibrillation, mechanical ventilation using a bag valve mask, placement of air way adjuncts such as oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal airways, pulse oximetry, glucose testing using a glucometer, …
Can EMTs give epinephrine?
EMRs and EMTs perform only a limited scope of medical interventions, and EMRs are generally not permitted to administer epinephrine. In some states, EMTs are not allowed to either, or they need to undergo specific training in administering epi from their medical director, a physician who oversees an EMS agency.
What medication can an advanced EMT give?
The EMT-Enhanced can start IV lines, perform dual-lumen airway insertion, and administer some medications such as D50W, glucagon, albuterol, epinephrine, and sometimes narcotics. They cannot, however, administer any cardiac medications.
Can EMT give injections?
With very few exceptions, the primary restriction for EMTs is they can’t perform anything that breaks the skin, including injections or IVs. But they are able to give patients oxygen, treat an asthma or allergy attack, or perform CPR.